Containers and jars should be clean and at ambient temperature. No pre-heating is necessary.
Most dyes (powder, liquid, chips, blocks, etc.) work with CB-XceL. To achieve better color depth, use about 30% more dye. When using powder dyes, heat the wax to 190°F (87.8°C), add the dye, and mix until dissolved. Powder dyes may also be dissolved in fragrances and then added to the melted wax (be sure the dye has dissolved completely before adding). *When using powder dyes dissolved in fragrance, liquid dyes, color blocks, chips or no dye, heat the wax to155°F (68.3°C).
Due to its advanced technology, it is very important to work with the fragrance manufacturer to use fragrances specifically designed for and tested in CB-XceL. Please do not assume that a fragrance working in any other wax (soy or paraffin) will automatically work in CB-XceL. Recommended maximum scent load is about 12%. To minimize scent loss, add scent prior to pouring but at a wax temperature no less than 135°F (57.2°C). Accommodate for temperature drop due to the addition of the cooler scent when targeting the pour temperature. Optimum hot scent throw is achieved with a full diameter burn pool at a depth of ¼ to ½ inch (0.6 to 1.3 cm). Some scents may react poorly causing bleed, objectionable frosting, or poor flame quality. Try a different scent or manufacturer to correct that occurrence.
CB-XceL requires larger wicking than paraffin. Wicks such as paper cored, cotton cored or metal cored should be avoided as they tend to cause sooting and carbon build-up. A general rule of thumb: have a full burn pool of ¼ to ½ inch (0.6 to 1.3 cm) deep, from side to side, in approximately the same number of hours for every inch (2.5 cm) of the container diameter.
Example: An Apothecary jar with a diameter of 4 inches (10.2 cm) should achieve a burn pool depth of ¼ to ½ inch (0.6 to 1.3 cm), side to side, within about 4 hours.
The following table, listed in no particular order, suggests a starting point for the type and size of wicks to begin testing with; note that adjustments may be needed. Keep wicks trimmed to ¼ inch (0.6 cm). If you experience poor flame quality or stability, try a different type of wick. Test burning should be done after the candle has had a chance to set up and cure for 48 hours after pouring.
Initial Wick Suggestions to Begin Testing
1 to 2 inches
(2.5 to 5.1 cm)
Flat Braid: 18
2 to 3 inches
(5.1 to 7.6 cm)
|CD: 12||Eco: 6
|Flat Braid: 30
Square Braid: #1
3 to 4 inches
(7.6 to 10.2 cm)
|CD: 20||Eco: 14
|Flat Braid: 60
Square Braid: #3 or #4
4 inches and larger
(10.2 cm & larger)
Typically requires double wicking. Try using 2 wicks spaced 1 inch
(2.5 cm) apart
When using dye, except powdered or un-dyed CB-XceL, melt the was to a minimum of 155°F (68.3°C) under gentle agitation to promote even heating and thorough mixing. For powder dyes, heat the wax to 190°F (87.8°C) to ensure the dye dissolves. Temporary high temperatures such as 190°F (87.8°C) have no adverse effect if cooled quickly. Higher temperatures, in excess of 190°F (87.8°C), may cause the wax to discolor. Allow the wax to cool to the desired pour temperature.
It is typical for wax to solidify at the beginning of the pour during its first contact with the container. CB-XceL should have a pour temperature that is high enough so that when the container is full, the initial solidified wax has re-melted. The temperature should not be so high that the liquid wax sits more than 30 minutes before starting to solidify.
Pour temperatures will vary according to container type and size, fragrance and dye, and the effects you want to achieve. CB-XceL can be poured as low as 107° F (41.7° C) if the wax is kept in motion (constant mixing) until poured.
There is a difference in cooling rates for different container configurations. Cooling too quickly or too slowly can cause concaving and/or frosting. Large jars, such apothecaries and large candles, above 12 oz (356 ml), should be poured at about 155°F (68.3°C). Smaller candles of 12oz (356 ml) or less should be poured at 130°F (54.4°C). If there are any occurrences with frosting, lower the pour temperature in increments of 10°F (6°C). Conversely, if there are any imperfections in the candle top, raise the pour temperature in increments of 10°F (6°C). The goal is to balance the pour temperature to achieve optimal results. Candle tops may be re-melted as required.
When candles are poured at a lower temperature (about 110°F (43.3°C)), add the scent at a higher temperature (about 140°F (60°C)) and allow the wax to cool to the desired pour temperature.
Pour temperatures should be checked and confirmed according to seasonal changes.
Cool undisturbed candles at an ambient temperature of 70° F (21.1°C). The containers should be about 1/2 inch (1.3 cm) apart to allow air circulation for even cooling. The container should remain open during cooling for at least 24 hrs (large candles may require longer times). Slower cooling will encourage container adhesion while quicker cooling will encourage container pull away. CB-XceL is designed to adhere to the glass and should be encouraged to do so. Candles should be allowed to sit undisturbed for 48 hours before test burning.
Test burn the candle for burn pool diameter and quality after it has setup (cured or dried) for a minimum of 48 hours. Every combination of container, wax, dye, fragrances, and wick should be tested for burn quality.
CB-XceL flakes should be stored in a cool dry location away from direct heat, sunlight and moisture. Temporary extremes in temperatures, cold or hot, have no adverse effect. CB-XCEL may be used frozen, and, if partially melted, allow them to cool and re-solidify before use.
Liquid CB-XceL should be stored just above its melt point, without agitation and if possible under a nitrogen blanket. Tanks and valves should be composed of black iron or stainless steel. Contact with copper or brass will cause discoloration and off-odor.
Test for one variable at a time when trouble shooting to isolate the cause. Variables include (but are not limited to): the container, wax, dye, fragrance, wick, pour temperature, and environmental conditions such, as cooling temperature, along with manufacturing conditions.
- First make a candle in the container with only the wick (no dye or fragrance). If it looks good then the wax is performing normally.
- Then, one at a time, change a variable. Try adding the dye without fragrance to the container, wax and wick. If it looks good and burns well, the dye is compatible with the wax.
- Try adding the fragrance without dye to the container, wax and wick. If it looks good and burns well, the fragrance is compatible with the wax.
- Try the dye and fragrance together with the container, wax and wick. If it looks good and burns well the dye/fragrance combination is compatible with the wax.
- If you are experiencing burn problems, try a different type or size of wick.
- Other variables to try are different pouring and cooling temperatures and even different containers.
- Ensure all equipment and materials are contaminant free.
Test for one variable at a time when trouble shooting to isolate the cause.
When stored properly, as per instructions, CB-XceL has a minimum shelf life of 3 years.